Attainment and Progress

End of Key Stage Assessment 2016

End of key stage 1

All of our year 2 children were assessed using the national curriculum tests, also known as SATs, in May this year. The results of these tests, alongside what we have seen in class has helped us to judge how well each of our year 2 children are progressing.


Assessment is important because it helps teachers to understand how each child is doing and put in place support to help them improve if they need it. If, for example, a child is struggling with their reading, it is vital that the school knows this early on, so we can give them the help they need to get back on track. Without these assessments, there is risk that a child is struggling and they do not get the support they need.


The reason the end of key stage assessments happens is to make sure each child is on course to master the basics of reading, writing and maths by the time they leave primary school.


When making their decisions, the staff think about what each child can do against the national standards, i.e. how other children are performing across the country. A overview of whether each child is performing at the expected standard for their age in maths, English reading and English writing or whether they need some more support to achieve it is then shared with parents/carers.


The new tests

As you might already know, this was the first year of the new key stage 1 tests in maths,  English grammar, punctuation and spelling and English reading. There is no test in science at key stage 1.

This year’s tests are the first to reflect the new primary curriculum, which was introduced in 2014. This new curriculum is designed to be on a par with the best education systems in the world, and to give each child the best start in life.

Because this is the first year of the new tests, the results will look very different from those of previous years, and should not be compared with them. This is because the Government have introduced a new curriculum and set higher standards.


End of key stage 2 

All of our year 6 pupils, like their counterparts nationally, undertook the key stage 2 national curriculum tests (also known as SATs) in maths, reading and grammar, punctuation and spelling last May. In addition to the tests, our year 6 teacher made a judgement about what the children achieved in maths, reading, writing and science across the school year.


The new key stage 2 tests 2016 was the first year of the new key stage 2 tests in maths, reading and grammar, punctuation and spelling. The tests assessed the children against a national standard. This year’s tests were the first tests to reflect the new primary curriculum, which was introduced in 2014. As this is the first year of the new tests, it has been acknowledged that the results will look different from those of previous years and cannot be compared with them directly.


The Government introduced a new curriculum to be on a par with the best education systems in the world and the expectation is that children will achieve higher standards than before. The aim is for every child to leave primary school having mastered the skills in reading, writing and maths so that they can reach their potential at secondary school and throughout their adult life.


Each child’s results in each test were reported using a scaled score with a scaled score of 100 representing the expected standard for each test. A scaled score of 100 or more it means a child is working at or above the expected standard in the subject. A scaled score of less than 100  means that they may need more support to reach the expected standard. The highest scaled score possible is 120, and the lowest is 80.

More information on scaled scores can be found at:


As the new standard is higher than the old one, fewer children  met the new expected standard than the previous standard nationally; the national average for each subject, can be found at


 Teacher assessment

In addition to taking the tests, year 6 teachers assessed how well each child had achieved during the year in reading, writing, maths and science using a framework that describes what a child needs to do to be working at the expected standard in a subject. Teacher assessment draws together everything the teacher or teachers know about a child, including observations, marked work and school assessments. Teacher assessment is not a ‘snapshot’ like tests and is therefore often more reliable. As a result, there can be a difference between teacher assessment results and test levels.


The teacher assessment is reported on in one of 3 things:

• your child is working towards the expected standard and needs some support to meet national expectations

• your child is working at the expected standard for their age

• your child is working at greater depth within the expected standard and has a strong understanding of the curriculum.


Should I be worried if my child isn’t at the expected standard?

There is no reason to worry. The government wants to make sure every child has mastered the basics, so they can do well in life. It is important to understand how well your child is doing in these basic skills as early as possible. The results of the tests and teacher assessments help teachers identify where children might need extra help so they can work with secondary schools to put extra support in place. If you have any questions about how your child has done and what support they might need to do well in secondary school, please speak to their teacher.


Children working below the standard of the national curriculum

Some children will not have been entered for the national curriculum tests as their teacher will have determined that they are working below the standard of the national curriculum. If this is the case, your child’s teacher will have assessed your child separately using pre-key stage teacher assessment frameworks. If your child has been assessed against the pre-key stage frameworks, you should discuss this with your child’s teacher to understand what this means and what additional support your child might need.


Further information

Your child’s teacher will be able to answer any queries about the tests and the overall teacher assessment judgements, or you can visit for more details.


Visit the DfE school performance tables website for more information.